I have been teaching my students about syllable types. This information is important in helping the struggling reader know what to do with the vowels at the single syllable word level and as they get to multi-syllable words.
The first type to teach is the CVC (consonant vowel consonant) which is taught in kindergarten and first grade. I have found that many second graders are not firm in their understanding and need instruction starting at this level.
In this type of syllable the vowel sound is short. Oh yes...do they know the short vowel sounds? If not, start instruction there.
The hand signal for the closed syllable is a closed fist. The hand signal becomes a quick way to check for understanding and mastery.
I posted this last school year but was asked about hand signals for the vowel patterns so I wanted to re-post this one to get started.